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A vulnerable adult is a person aged 18 years of age or over who is or may be in need of community care services by reason of mental or other disability, age or illness and are unable to take care of themselves or unable to protect themselves against significant harm or exploitation.

There is legislation is in place to protect vulnerable adults

  • The Human rights act 1998
  • The No Secrets Act 2000
  • The Independent Safeguarding Authority – ISA The Public Disclosure Act
  • Mental Capacity Act -MCA 2005
  • Deprivation of Liberty – DOL’S 2005
  • Equality Act 2010 The 1998 declaration of human rights includes the right of all to-Life, liberty and security of person Be presumed innocent until proven guiltyFreedom of thought, conscience, religion, opinion and expression. Freedom of movement and residence
  • The No secrets act 2000 – All agencies should provide training for all staff and volunteers who work with vulnerable adults to ensure that the policies, procedures and professional practices in place locally in line with their responsibilities in the adult protection process.

The Independent Safeguarding Authority ISA - The ISA and Criminal records Bureau merged in December 212 to become the Disclosure and Barring Service.The barring side of the DBS provides expert caseworkers who process referrals about individuals who have harmed or pose a risk of harm to children or vulnerable groups. They make decisions about who should be placed on the child barred list or adults barred list and are prevented by law from working with children or vulnerable groups.A person who is barred from working with children or vulnerable adults will be breaking the law if they work or volunteer or try to work or volunteer with those groups.

An organisation which knowingly employs someone who is barred to work with those groups will also be breaking the law.Employers and organisations have a duty to report to the DBS any member of staff or volunteer that are dismissed or removed because they have harmed a child or vulnerable adult, or if you would have done so before they left.The public disclosure act 1998 is in place to allow employees to voice authentic concerns about misconduct and malpractice without the fear of dismissal, victimisation or denial of promotion, facilities or training opportunities.In the past employees were hesitant to raise concerns about wrongdoing, for fear of not being listened and also concerns about putting their job at risk.Unions have taken the role of watchdogs to assure that this statutory protection is upheld