Safeguarding of Children and Adults Level 3 (VTQ)

102 videos, 4 hours and 39 minutes

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Abuse and its Indicators

Video 33 of 102
2 min 31 sec
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Understanding Abuse: Types, Indicators, and Responses

Types of Abuse

Abuse can take various forms, whether intentional or unintentional, and can manifest through neglect or failure to act. Examples include:

  • Physical: Infliction of bodily harm or injury.
  • Domestic violence or abuse: Abuse within familial or intimate relationships.
  • Sexual: Non-consensual sexual activity or exploitation.
  • Psychological or emotional: Harm inflicted through verbal or emotional manipulation.
  • Financial or material: Exploitation of financial resources or assets.
  • Modern slavery: Forced labour or exploitation.
  • Discriminatory: Abuse based on factors like race, gender, or disability.
  • Organisational: Mistreatment within institutions or care settings.
  • Neglect or act of omission: Failure to provide necessary care or support.
  • Self-neglect: Neglect of personal hygiene, health, or safety.

Recognising Abuse

Identifying abuse requires awareness of potential indicators and understanding of its various forms:

  • Abuse can occur in any relationship and may lead to significant harm or exploitation.
  • Recording incidents is crucial to identifying patterns of abuse.
  • Indicators may vary depending on the individual's circumstances and environment.
  • Any form of abuse increases the risk of other types of abuse occurring.
  • Professionals should assess situations and consider referrals when necessary.
  • Indicators apply across all settings, including residential homes, hospitals, and community centres.

Remember, indicators may not always be visible or audible but may include subtle signs of distress or neglect.


Understanding the complexities of abuse, its indicators, and appropriate responses is essential for safeguarding vulnerable individuals and promoting their well-being.