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Normally the worker will make the disclosure to his or her employer or another responsible person within the organisation. A worker is not always an employee, this includes agency workers, people that are training with the organisation but are not employed by them, and self-employed people, either supervised or working off-site. It extends to people who are working in professional capacities for example actuaries.

If the worker is unable to tell their employer, they can make a disclosure to a prescribed person. This can only be done if they believe their employer will cover it up, treat them unfairly, or if they have previously made a disclosure to their employer and their employer has not taken any action. Prescribed persons include the Health and Safety Executive (HSE), the Information Commissioner, the Certification Officer, the Environment Agency, and the Secretary of State for Trade and Industry.

Employment Tribunals are independent public bodies that look into unfair dismissal claims, amongst others. In Northern Ireland, they are called Industrial Tribunals.  If the tribunal finds in favour of the employee they have the power to reinstate the employee and award them compensation. Claims can be taken up against the employer and or co-workers if the employee is bullied at work after making a disclosure. If it subsequently arises that the employee has acted dishonestly, compensation can be reduced by 25%.