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The Mental Capacity Act 2005 and Deprivation of Liberty Safeguards principles state that:

1. Every adult has the right to make his or her own decisions and must be assumed to have the capacity to do so unless it is proved otherwise.
This means that you cannot assume that someone cannot make a decision for themselves based on the fact that they have a particular medical condition or disability
2. Individuals should be supported in making their own decisions and every effort should be made to encourage and support this before it is decided they are unable to do so. If lack of capacity is established it is still important to involve the person as far as possible in making decisions for themselves.
3. Unwise decisions – people have the right to make what others might consider being an unwise or eccentric decision. Everyone has their own values, beliefs, and preferences you cannot treat them as lacking capacity for that reason.
4. Best Interests – If a person has been assessed as lacking capacity then, any actions that are taken or decisions made, on behalf of that person must be made in his or her best interests.

The equality act brings together 9 separate pieces of legislation into one single Act.

To protect people from discrimination on grounds of;-
· Race, sex or sexual orientation
· Disability
· Religion or belief
· Being Married or in a Civil Partnership
· Age - this applies only at work or if someone is being trained for work
· Having just given birth or being pregnant.