Safeguarding of Vulnerable Adults (SOVA) Level 2 (VTQ)

47 videos, 2 hours and 4 minutes

Course Content

Sexual Abuse

Video 27 of 47
1 min 39 sec
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Understanding Sexual Abuse: Key Indicators and Implications

Definition of Sexual Abuse

Sexual abuse is characterised by any form of non-consensual physical interaction. This encompasses acts like rape, molestation, and engaging in sexual activities with an individual unable to provide informed consent due to mental incapacity.

Common Perpetrators

Abusers can emerge from various relationships with the victim. They can be:

  • Carers or attendants
  • Employees of care facilities
  • Family members, inclusive of spouses
  • Other facility residents, inflicting abuse on fellow inhabitants

Physical and Behavioural Indicators of Abuse

Identifying signs of sexual abuse is paramount for timely intervention. Observable indicators can be categorised as:

Physical Indicators:

  • Genital or anal discomfort, irritation, or bleeding
  • External genitalia or inner thigh bruises
  • Challenges in walking or sitting
  • Damaged or blood-stained undergarments
  • Occurrence of sexually transmitted infections

Behavioural Indicators:

  • Exhibiting inappropriate or unusually aggressive sexual behaviours
  • Presence of unsuitable sexual dynamics between the victim and the suspected abuser
  • Victims, particularly those unaware of the inappropriateness of the act, may replicate the abusive behaviour they've experienced.

Addressing the Issue

Recognising these signals is a step towards safeguarding victims. It's imperative to offer a safe and supportive environment for vulnerable adults, ensuring immediate action is taken to uphold their well-being and dignity.