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Normally the worker will make the disclosure to his or her employer or another responsible person in that organisation. A worker is normally an employee, however, this also includes agency workers, people that are training with the employer but who are not employed by them and self-employed people who are either supervised or working off site. It also extends to people who are working in professional capacities for example actuaries.

If the worker is unable to tell their employer, they can make a disclosure to a prescribed person, but this can only be done if they think that their employer will cover it up, treat them unfairly or if they have previously made a disclosure to their employer and their employer has not taken action to sort it out. Prescribed persons include the health and safety executive, the data protection registrar, the certification officer, the environment agency and the secretary of state for trade and industry.

Employment Tribunals are independent public bodies which will look into unfair dismissal claims, amongst others. In Northern Ireland, they are called Industrial Tribunals.  If the tribunal finds in favour of the employee they have the power to reinstate the employee and award them with compensation. Claims can also be taken up against the employer and or co-workers if the employee is bullied at work after making a disclosure.  Under the new regulations, with effect from 25th June, if it subsequently arises that the employee had acted dishonestly, compensation can be reduced by 25%.