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The Criminal Records Bureau were previously responsible for carrying out requested Criminal Record Checks or CRB checks on people.
They have now merged with the Independent Safeguarding Authority and both authorities have formed the Disclosure and Barring Service, referred to as the DBS. Therefore CRB checks are now called DBS checks

A DBS check can be requested by an organisation or employer, the police records on a person are checked and any spent, unspent convictions, cautions, reprimands and final warnings are disclosed. In some circumstances, information held by the Departments of Health and Education is also checked.

A DBS check may, for example, be required by an organisation, which either employs people or takes on volunteers to work with young children, vulnerable adults, for those who work in the healthcare sector or for individuals who are applying to foster or adopt a child.

Types of employment that would require a DBS check would include healthcare professionals, carers, people in the education sector and any regulated activity in relation to children and adults within the Safeguarding of vulnerable groups act 2006. also coveted is any work that involves regularly caring for, training, supervising or being solely in charge of vulnerable adults and children.

Other professions also include Barristers, solicitors, chartered accountants, vets, registered foreign lawyers, judicial and court appointments, police, probation wardens and prison workers to name a few. If in doubt it is best to check with the DBS.

Under normal circumstances, employers are not allowed to request details of criminal records from job applicants, however, for jobs that require a DBS check this rule does not apply. The employer or organisation must ensure that they are legally entitled to request A DBS check on the applicant before applying for one and that the job or role is an eligible one for a DBS check.
An employer should only carry out a DBS check on a successful applicant for employment, and not prior to accepting them for the position. However, they are able to withdraw the job offer if it later transpires from the DBS check that the applicant is unsuitable.

There are different types of DBS checks available and these are Basic, Standard, Enhanced and Enhanced with list checks.  The level of the check that is required depends on the employment or voluntary work that will be undertaken by the individual.

Finally, we will look at the DBS Barred Lists.  The BDS barred lists contains the names of people who are not suitable to work with adults or children in either a paid or voluntary capacity where the job requires them to care for, supervise or to have sole responsibility for adults and or children. It is also against the law for an employer to employ anyone on this list to work with either children and or adults in this capacity.

Employers are also required by law to inform the DBS of anyone who has had their employment terminated due to harming an individual in their care or any who has been removed from working in a regulated activity. In cases where the employee has resigned prior to having their employment terminated or if terminating their employment was under consideration the employer still has a legal duty to advise the DBS of the situation.